First, the hardware problem
【The cost of the core components to limit the competitiveness of China’s robots】
From the perspective of robot costs, the body of the mechanical structure accounted for about 30%, more than 50% of the parts from the servo system and reducer key components, they determine the product The performance, quality and price. However, at present, the key components and parts for domestic robots need to be imported, the cost is much higher than similar foreign products, especially the core parts reducer. The price for domestic enterprises to purchase reducer is nearly 5 times the price of foreign enterprises.
【Bottlenecks in the Mother Machine】
Most emerging countries do not reach the level of industrialization of established industrial nations such as the United States, Japan and Germany. Countries including China are creating a “lower and lower” parabola. Machine tool industry is the industry’s mother machine industry, the final test of qualitative change in the machine tool industry is “technically half-step manufacturing industry,” so as to meet the downstream processing needs of most industries. Japan’s machine tool took about 15 years to complete the process, and once it was completed, Japan’s equipment manufacturing industry was equivalent to having a locomotive throughout the manufacturing industry.
Second, the mechanism of the problem:
【Create industry cannot rely on subsidies】
At present, China’s enterprises to buy robots to give varying degrees of subsidies to promote the extensive use of robots in traditional industries, this drawback is obvious: First of all, due to the lack of competitiveness of domestic robot enterprises in the promotion of a large number of “machine change People plan “lack of sufficient competitiveness, but was marginalized, and further squeeze the domestic robot business survival space; Second, due to the machine replacement program and support for local robot policy out of touch, the machine is over, the local robot industry did not grow and develop Up; Third, the machine replacement mode simple and extensive, there is no strategic and overall, did not see the robot industry’s development direction and development trend.
Third, the direction of industrial development:
【Maybe it will repeat the mistakes car industry?】
China’s robot industry in the global perspective only low-end level, to catch up with developed countries, two or three years may not be enough. But the more central issue is that there is a problem in the direction of industrial development. China’s robot industry will also enter the old road of the automotive industry: there is no core technology of its own, at best, is a processing base.
【Turn-over Opportunity】In the era of Robot Industry 2.0, traditional core components will no longer be “core” and new “core” components will be reborn. In the robot industry 2.0 era, China’s robot research and development should pay more attention to the deep application of information technology (hardware and software) in the field of robotics. Top companies such as Google, Microsoft, Intel, Cisco and so on a large number of information technology fields layout robot industry 2.0 era is a new signal. China needs to combine the robot industry and smart manufacturing from a strategic perspective to produce more high-tech robot products that have real needs. In this way, new advantages will be formed.
【The Era of Intelligence is Essentially Distinct from the Internet Age】The ways in which connected, imported, and big data models shape the success of Internet companies are also one of the biggest hurdles in the smart age. When we are surrounded by smart devices, the information is exchanged through the smart products. When the starting point is the same, “entrance” is meaningless. The fundamental difference between the main ideas of the smart era and the Internet era is the localization of computing power, that is, the u